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//! This module holds the machinery behind LabelledGeneric.
//!
//! A `LabelledGeneric` instance is pretty much exactly the same as a `Generic`
//! instance, except that the generic representation should contain information
//! about field names.
//!
//! Having a separate trait for `LabelledGeneric`s gives us the freedom to
//! derive both labelled and non-labelled generic trait instances for our types.
//!
//! Aside from the main `LabelledGeneric` trait, this module holds helper
//! methods that allow users to use `LabelledGeneric` without using universal
//! function call syntax.
//!
//! In addition, this module holds macro-generated enums that map to letters
//! in field names (identifiers).
//!
//! # Examples
//!
//! ```
//! #[macro_use]
//! extern crate frunk;
//!
//! # fn main() {
//! use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
//!
//! // Optionally alias our tuple that represents our type-level string
//! type name = (n, a, m, e);
//! let labelled = field![name, "Lloyd"];
//! assert_eq!(labelled.name, "name");
//! assert_eq!(labelled.value, "Lloyd")
//! # }
//! ```
//!
//! A more common usage is to use `LabelledGeneric` to transform structs that
//! have mismatched fields!
//!
//! ```
//! #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
//! #[macro_use] extern crate frunk_core; // required when using custom derives
//! # fn main() {
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
//! struct NewUser<'a> {
//!     first_name: &'a str,
//!     last_name: &'a str,
//!     age: usize,
//! }
//!
//! // Notice that the fields are mismatched in terms of ordering
//! // *and* also in terms of the number of fields.
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
//! struct ShortUser<'a> {
//!     last_name: &'a str,
//!     first_name: &'a str,
//! }
//!
//! let n_user = NewUser {
//!     first_name: "Joe",
//!     last_name: "Blow",
//!     age: 30,
//! };
//!
//! // transform_from automagically sculpts the labelled generic
//! // representation of the source object to that of the target type
//! let s_user: ShortUser = frunk::transform_from(n_user); // done
//! # }
//! ```
//!
//! If you have the need to transform types that are similarly-shaped recursively, then
//! use the Transmogrifier trait.
//!
//! ```
//! #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
//! #[macro_use] extern crate frunk_core; // required when using custom derives
//! # fn main() {
//! use frunk::labelled::Transmogrifier;
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
//! struct InternalPhoneNumber {
//!     emergency: Option<usize>,
//!     main: usize,
//!     secondary: Option<usize>,
//! }
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
//! struct InternalAddress<'a> {
//!     is_whitelisted: bool,
//!     name: &'a str,
//!     phone: InternalPhoneNumber,
//! }
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
//! struct InternalUser<'a> {
//!     name: &'a str,
//!     age: usize,
//!     address: InternalAddress<'a>,
//!     is_banned: bool,
//! }
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
//! struct ExternalPhoneNumber {
//!     main: usize,
//! }
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
//! struct ExternalAddress<'a> {
//!     name: &'a str,
//!     phone: ExternalPhoneNumber,
//! }
//!
//! #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
//! struct ExternalUser<'a> {
//!     age: usize,
//!     address: ExternalAddress<'a>,
//!     name: &'a str,
//! }
//!
//! let internal_user = InternalUser {
//!     name: "John",
//!     age: 10,
//!     address: InternalAddress {
//!         is_whitelisted: true,
//!         name: "somewhere out there",
//!         phone: InternalPhoneNumber {
//!             main: 1234,
//!             secondary: None,
//!             emergency: Some(5678),
//!         },
//!     },
//!     is_banned: true,
//! };
//!
//! /// Boilerplate-free conversion of a top-level InternalUser into an
//! /// ExternalUser, taking care of subfield conversions as well.
//! let external_user: ExternalUser = internal_user.transmogrify();
//!
//! let expected_external_user = ExternalUser {
//!     name: "John",
//!     age: 10,
//!     address: ExternalAddress {
//!         name: "somewhere out there",
//!         phone: ExternalPhoneNumber {
//!             main: 1234,
//!         },
//!     }
//! };
//!
//! assert_eq!(external_user, expected_external_user);
//! # }
//! ```

use crate::hlist::*;
use crate::indices::*;
use ::std::fmt;
use ::std::marker::PhantomData;

/// A trait that converts from a type to a labelled generic representation.
///
/// `LabelledGeneric`s allow us to have completely type-safe,
/// boilerplate free conversions between different structs.
///
/// For the most part, you should be using the derivation that is available
/// through `frunk_derive` to generate instances of this trait for your types.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```rust
/// #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
/// #[macro_use] extern crate frunk_core;
///
/// # fn main() {
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
/// struct NewUser<'a> {
///     first_name: &'a str,
///     last_name: &'a str,
///     age: usize,
/// }
///
/// // Notice that the fields are mismatched in terms of ordering
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
/// struct SavedUser<'a> {
///     last_name: &'a str,
///     age: usize,
///     first_name: &'a str,
/// }
///
/// let n_user = NewUser {
///     first_name: "Joe",
///     last_name: "Blow",
///     age: 30,
/// };
///
/// // transform_from automagically sculpts the labelled generic
/// // representation of the source object to that of the target type
/// let s_user: SavedUser = frunk::transform_from(n_user); // done
/// # }
pub trait LabelledGeneric {
    /// The labelled generic representation type.
    type Repr;

    /// Convert a value to its representation type `Repr`.
    fn into(self) -> Self::Repr;

    /// Convert a value's labelled representation type `Repr`
    /// to the values's type.
    fn from(repr: Self::Repr) -> Self;

    /// Convert from one type to another using a type with the same
    /// labelled generic representation
    #[inline(always)]
    fn convert_from<Src>(src: Src) -> Self
    where
        Src: LabelledGeneric<Repr = Self::Repr>,
        Self: Sized,
    {
        let repr = <Src as LabelledGeneric>::into(src);
        <Self as LabelledGeneric>::from(repr)
    }

    /// Converts from another type A into Self assuming that A and Self have
    /// labelled generic representations that can be sculpted into each other.
    ///
    /// Note that this method tosses away the "remainder" of the sculpted representation. In other
    /// words, anything that is not needed from A gets tossed out.
    #[deprecated(note = "obsolete, transform_from instead")]
    fn sculpted_convert_from<A, Indices>(a: A) -> Self
    where
        A: LabelledGeneric,
        Self: Sized,
        // The labelled representation of A must be sculpt-able into the labelled representation of Self
        <A as LabelledGeneric>::Repr: Sculptor<<Self as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, Indices>,
    {
        <Self as LabelledGeneric>::transform_from(a)
    }

    /// Converts from another type `Src` into `Self` assuming that `Src` and
    /// `Self` have labelled generic representations that can be sculpted into
    /// each other.
    ///
    /// Note that this method tosses away the "remainder" of the sculpted
    /// representation. In other words, anything that is not needed from `Src`
    /// gets tossed out.
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transform_from<Src, Indices>(src: Src) -> Self
    where
        Src: LabelledGeneric,
        Self: Sized,
        // The labelled representation of `Src` must be sculpt-able into the labelled representation of `Self`
        <Src as LabelledGeneric>::Repr: Sculptor<<Self as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, Indices>,
    {
        let src_gen = <Src as LabelledGeneric>::into(src);
        // We toss away the remainder.
        let (self_gen, _): (<Self as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, _) = src_gen.sculpt();
        <Self as LabelledGeneric>::from(self_gen)
    }
}

pub trait IntoLabelledGeneric {
    /// The labelled generic representation type.
    type Repr;

    /// Convert a value to its representation type `Repr`.
    fn into(self) -> Self::Repr;
}

impl<A> IntoLabelledGeneric for A
where
    A: LabelledGeneric,
{
    type Repr = <A as LabelledGeneric>::Repr;

    #[inline(always)]
    fn into(self) -> <Self as IntoLabelledGeneric>::Repr {
        self.into()
    }
}

/// Given a labelled generic representation of a `Dst`, returns `Dst`
pub fn from_labelled_generic<Dst, Repr>(repr: Repr) -> Dst
where
    Dst: LabelledGeneric<Repr = Repr>,
{
    <Dst as LabelledGeneric>::from(repr)
}

/// Given a `Src`, returns its labelled generic representation.
pub fn into_labelled_generic<Src, Repr>(src: Src) -> Repr
where
    Src: LabelledGeneric<Repr = Repr>,
{
    <Src as LabelledGeneric>::into(src)
}

/// Converts one type into another assuming they have the same labelled generic
/// representation.
pub fn labelled_convert_from<Src, Dst, Repr>(src: Src) -> Dst
where
    Src: LabelledGeneric<Repr = Repr>,
    Dst: LabelledGeneric<Repr = Repr>,
{
    <Dst as LabelledGeneric>::convert_from(src)
}

/// Converts from one type into another assuming that their labelled generic representations
/// can be sculpted into each other.
///
/// The "Indices" type parameter allows the compiler to figure out that the two representations
/// can indeed be morphed into each other.
#[deprecated(note = "obsolete, transform_from instead")]
pub fn sculpted_convert_from<A, B, Indices>(a: A) -> B
where
    A: LabelledGeneric,
    B: LabelledGeneric,
    // The labelled representation of A must be sculpt-able into the labelled representation of B
    <A as LabelledGeneric>::Repr: Sculptor<<B as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, Indices>,
{
    <B as LabelledGeneric>::transform_from(a)
}
/// Converts from one type into another assuming that their labelled generic representations
/// can be sculpted into each other.
///
/// The "Indices" type parameter allows the compiler to figure out that the two representations
/// can indeed be morphed into each other.
pub fn transform_from<Src, Dst, Indices>(src: Src) -> Dst
where
    Src: LabelledGeneric,
    Dst: LabelledGeneric,
    // The labelled representation of Src must be sculpt-able into the labelled representation of Dst
    <Src as LabelledGeneric>::Repr: Sculptor<<Dst as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, Indices>,
{
    <Dst as LabelledGeneric>::transform_from(src)
}

pub mod chars {
    //! Types for building type-level labels from character sequences.
    //!
    //! This is designed to be glob-imported:
    //!
    //! ```rust
    //! # extern crate frunk;
    //! # fn main() {
    //! # #[allow(unused)]
    //! use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
    //! # }
    //! ```

    macro_rules! create_enums_for {
        ($($i: ident)*) => {
            $(
                #[allow(non_snake_case, non_camel_case_types)]
                #[derive(PartialEq, Debug, Eq, Clone, Copy, PartialOrd, Ord, Hash)]
                pub enum $i {}
            )*
        }
    }

    // Add more as needed.
    create_enums_for! {
        // all valid identifier characters
        a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
        A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
        _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _0 __ _uc uc_
    }

    #[test]
    fn simple_var_names_are_allowed() {
        // Rust forbids variable bindings that shadow unit structs,
        // so unit struct characters would cause a lot of trouble.
        //
        // Good thing I don't plan on adding reified labels. - Exp
        let a = 3;
        match a {
            a => assert_eq!(a, 3),
        }
    }
}

/// A Label contains a type-level Name, a runtime value, and
/// a reference to a `&'static str` name.
///
/// To construct one, use the `field!` macro.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// # #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
/// use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
///
/// # fn main() {
/// let labelled = field![(n,a,m,e), "joe"];
/// assert_eq!(labelled.name, "name");
/// assert_eq!(labelled.value, "joe")
/// # }
/// ```
#[cfg_attr(feature = "serde", derive(Serialize, Deserialize))]
#[derive(PartialEq, Eq, Clone, Copy, PartialOrd, Ord, Hash)]
pub struct Field<Name, Type> {
    name_type_holder: PhantomData<Name>,
    pub name: &'static str,
    pub value: Type,
}

/// A version of Field that doesn't have a type-level label, just a
/// value-level one
#[cfg_attr(feature = "serde", derive(Serialize, Deserialize))]
#[derive(PartialEq, Eq, Clone, Copy, PartialOrd, Ord, Hash)]
pub struct ValueField<Type> {
    pub name: &'static str,
    pub value: Type,
}

impl<Name, Type> fmt::Debug for Field<Name, Type>
where
    Type: fmt::Debug,
{
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_struct("Field")
            // show name without quotes
            .field("name", &DebugAsDisplay(&self.name))
            .field("value", &self.value)
            .finish()
    }
}

impl<Type> fmt::Debug for ValueField<Type>
where
    Type: fmt::Debug,
{
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_struct("ValueField")
            // show name without quotes
            .field("name", &DebugAsDisplay(&self.name))
            .field("value", &self.value)
            .finish()
    }
}

/// Utility type that implements Debug in terms of Display.
struct DebugAsDisplay<T>(T);

impl<T: fmt::Display> fmt::Debug for DebugAsDisplay<T> {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        fmt::Display::fmt(&self.0, f)
    }
}

/// Returns a new Field for a given value and custom name.
///
/// If you don't want to provide a custom name and want to rely on the type you provide
/// to build a name, then please use the field! macro.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// #[macro_use] extern crate frunk; fn main() {
/// use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
/// use frunk::labelled::field_with_name;
///
/// let l = field_with_name::<(n,a,m,e),_>("name", "joe");
/// assert_eq!(l.value, "joe");
/// assert_eq!(l.name, "name");
/// # }
/// ```
pub fn field_with_name<Label, Value>(name: &'static str, value: Value) -> Field<Label, Value> {
    Field {
        name_type_holder: PhantomData,
        name,
        value,
    }
}

/// Trait for turning a Field HList into an un-labelled HList
pub trait IntoUnlabelled {
    type Output;

    /// Turns the current HList into an unlabelled one.
    ///
    /// Effectively extracts the values held inside the individual Field
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// # #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
    /// # fn main() {
    /// use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
    /// use frunk::labelled::IntoUnlabelled;
    ///
    /// let labelled_hlist = hlist![
    ///     field!((n, a, m, e), "joe"),
    ///     field!((a, g, e), 3)
    /// ];
    ///
    /// let unlabelled = labelled_hlist.into_unlabelled();
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(unlabelled, hlist!["joe", 3])
    /// # }
    /// ```
    fn into_unlabelled(self) -> Self::Output;
}

/// Implementation for HNil
impl IntoUnlabelled for HNil {
    type Output = HNil;
    fn into_unlabelled(self) -> Self::Output {
        self
    }
}

/// Implementation when we have a non-empty HCons holding a label in its head
impl<Label, Value, Tail> IntoUnlabelled for HCons<Field<Label, Value>, Tail>
where
    Tail: IntoUnlabelled,
{
    type Output = HCons<Value, <Tail as IntoUnlabelled>::Output>;

    fn into_unlabelled(self) -> Self::Output {
        HCons {
            head: self.head.value,
            tail: self.tail.into_unlabelled(),
        }
    }
}

/// A trait that strips type-level strings from the labels
pub trait IntoValueLabelled {
    type Output;

    /// Turns the current HList into a value-labelled one.
    ///
    /// Effectively extracts the names and values held inside the individual Fields
    /// and puts them into ValueFields, which do not have type-level names.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// ```
    /// # #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
    /// # fn main() {
    /// use frunk::labelled::{ValueField, IntoValueLabelled};
    /// use frunk::labelled::chars::*;
    ///
    /// let labelled_hlist = hlist![
    ///     field!((n, a, m, e), "joe"),
    ///     field!((a, g, e), 3)
    /// ];
    /// // Notice the lack of type-level names
    /// let value_labelled: HList![ValueField<&str>, ValueField<isize>] = labelled_hlist.into_value_labelled();
    ///
    /// assert_eq!(
    ///   value_labelled,
    ///   hlist![
    ///     ValueField {
    ///       name: "name",
    ///       value: "joe",
    ///     },
    ///     ValueField {
    ///       name: "age",
    ///       value: 3,
    ///     },
    /// ]);
    /// # }
    /// ```
    fn into_value_labelled(self) -> Self::Output;
}

impl IntoValueLabelled for HNil {
    type Output = HNil;
    fn into_value_labelled(self) -> Self::Output {
        self
    }
}

impl<Label, Value, Tail> IntoValueLabelled for HCons<Field<Label, Value>, Tail>
where
    Tail: IntoValueLabelled,
{
    type Output = HCons<ValueField<Value>, <Tail as IntoValueLabelled>::Output>;

    fn into_value_labelled(self) -> Self::Output {
        HCons {
            head: ValueField {
                name: self.head.name,
                value: self.head.value,
            },
            tail: self.tail.into_value_labelled(),
        }
    }
}

/// Trait for plucking out a `Field` from a type by type-level `TargetKey`.
pub trait ByNameFieldPlucker<TargetKey, Index> {
    type TargetValue;
    type Remainder;

    /// Returns a pair consisting of the value pointed to by the target key and the remainder.
    fn pluck_by_name(self) -> (Field<TargetKey, Self::TargetValue>, Self::Remainder);
}

/// Implementation when the pluck target key is in the head.
impl<K, V, Tail> ByNameFieldPlucker<K, Here> for HCons<Field<K, V>, Tail> {
    type TargetValue = V;
    type Remainder = Tail;

    #[inline(always)]
    fn pluck_by_name(self) -> (Field<K, Self::TargetValue>, Self::Remainder) {
        let field = field_with_name(self.head.name, self.head.value);
        (field, self.tail)
    }
}

/// Implementation when the pluck target key is in the tail.
impl<Head, Tail, K, TailIndex> ByNameFieldPlucker<K, There<TailIndex>> for HCons<Head, Tail>
where
    Tail: ByNameFieldPlucker<K, TailIndex>,
{
    type TargetValue = <Tail as ByNameFieldPlucker<K, TailIndex>>::TargetValue;
    type Remainder = HCons<Head, <Tail as ByNameFieldPlucker<K, TailIndex>>::Remainder>;

    #[inline(always)]
    fn pluck_by_name(self) -> (Field<K, Self::TargetValue>, Self::Remainder) {
        let (target, tail_remainder) =
            <Tail as ByNameFieldPlucker<K, TailIndex>>::pluck_by_name(self.tail);
        (
            target,
            HCons {
                head: self.head,
                tail: tail_remainder,
            },
        )
    }
}

/// Trait for transmogrifying a `Source` type into a `Target` type.
///
/// What is "transmogrifying"? In this context, it means to convert some data of type `A`
/// into data of type `B`, in a typesafe, recursive way, as long as `A` and `B` are "similarly-shaped".
/// In other words, as long as `B`'s fields and their subfields are subsets of `A`'s fields and
/// their respective subfields, then `A` can be turned into `B`.
///
/// # Example
///
/// ```
/// #[macro_use] extern crate frunk;
/// #[macro_use] extern crate frunk_core; // required when using custom derives
/// # fn main() {
/// use frunk::labelled::Transmogrifier;
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
/// struct InternalPhoneNumber {
///     emergency: Option<usize>,
///     main: usize,
///     secondary: Option<usize>,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
/// struct InternalAddress<'a> {
///     is_whitelisted: bool,
///     name: &'a str,
///     phone: InternalPhoneNumber,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric)]
/// struct InternalUser<'a> {
///     name: &'a str,
///     age: usize,
///     address: InternalAddress<'a>,
///     is_banned: bool,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
/// struct ExternalPhoneNumber {
///     main: usize,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
/// struct ExternalAddress<'a> {
///     name: &'a str,
///     phone: ExternalPhoneNumber,
/// }
///
/// #[derive(LabelledGeneric, PartialEq, Debug)]
/// struct ExternalUser<'a> {
///     age: usize,
///     address: ExternalAddress<'a>,
///     name: &'a str,
/// }
///
/// let internal_user = InternalUser {
///     name: "John",
///     age: 10,
///     address: InternalAddress {
///         is_whitelisted: true,
///         name: "somewhere out there",
///         phone: InternalPhoneNumber {
///             main: 1234,
///             secondary: None,
///             emergency: Some(5678),
///         },
///     },
///     is_banned: true,
/// };
///
/// /// Boilerplate-free conversion of a top-level InternalUser into an
/// /// ExternalUser, taking care of subfield conversions as well.
/// let external_user: ExternalUser = internal_user.transmogrify();
///
/// let expected_external_user = ExternalUser {
///     name: "John",
///     age: 10,
///     address: ExternalAddress {
///         name: "somewhere out there",
///         phone: ExternalPhoneNumber {
///             main: 1234,
///         },
///     }
/// };
///
/// assert_eq!(external_user, expected_external_user);
/// # }
/// ```
///
/// Credit:
/// 1. Haskell "transmogrify" Github repo: https://github.com/ivan-m/transmogrify
pub trait Transmogrifier<Target, TransmogrifyIndexIndices> {
    /// Consume this current object and return an object of the Target type.
    ///
    /// Although similar to sculpting, transmogrifying does its job recursively.
    fn transmogrify(self) -> Target;
}

/// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` for identity plucked `Field` to `Field` Transforms.
impl<Key, SourceValue> Transmogrifier<SourceValue, IdentityTransMog> for Field<Key, SourceValue> {
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> SourceValue {
        self.value
    }
}

/// Implementations of `Transmogrifier` that allow recursion through stdlib container types.
#[cfg(feature = "std")]
mod std {
    use super::MappingIndicesWrapper;
    use super::{Field, Transmogrifier};
    use std::collections::{LinkedList, VecDeque};

    macro_rules! transmogrify_seq {
        ($container:ident) => {
            /// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` that maps over a `$container` in a `Field`, transmogrifying the
            /// elements on the way past.
            impl<Key, Source, Target, InnerIndices>
                Transmogrifier<$container<Target>, MappingIndicesWrapper<InnerIndices>>
                for Field<Key, $container<Source>>
            where
                Source: Transmogrifier<Target, InnerIndices>,
            {
                fn transmogrify(self) -> $container<Target> {
                    self.value.into_iter().map(|e| e.transmogrify()).collect()
                }
            }
        };
    }

    transmogrify_seq!(Vec);
    transmogrify_seq!(LinkedList);
    transmogrify_seq!(VecDeque);

    /// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` that maps over an `Box` in a `Field`, transmogrifying the
    /// contained element on the way past.
    impl<Key, Source, Target, InnerIndices>
        Transmogrifier<Box<Target>, MappingIndicesWrapper<InnerIndices>> for Field<Key, Box<Source>>
    where
        Source: Transmogrifier<Target, InnerIndices>,
    {
        fn transmogrify(self) -> Box<Target> {
            Box::new(self.value.transmogrify())
        }
    }
}

/// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` that maps over an `Option` in a `Field`, transmogrifying the
/// contained element on the way past if present.
impl<Key, Source, Target, InnerIndices>
    Transmogrifier<Option<Target>, MappingIndicesWrapper<InnerIndices>>
    for Field<Key, Option<Source>>
where
    Source: Transmogrifier<Target, InnerIndices>,
{
    fn transmogrify(self) -> Option<Target> {
        self.value.map(|e| e.transmogrify())
    }
}

/// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` for when the `Target` is empty and the `Source` is empty.
impl Transmogrifier<HNil, HNil> for HNil {
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> HNil {
        HNil
    }
}

/// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` for when the `Target` is empty and the `Source` is non-empty.
impl<SourceHead, SourceTail> Transmogrifier<HNil, HNil> for HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail> {
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> HNil {
        HNil
    }
}

/// Implementation of `Transmogrifier` for when the target is an `HList`, and the `Source` is a plucked
/// `HList`.
impl<
        SourceHead,
        SourceTail,
        TargetName,
        TargetHead,
        TargetTail,
        TransmogHeadIndex,
        TransmogTailIndices,
    > Transmogrifier<HCons<TargetHead, TargetTail>, HCons<TransmogHeadIndex, TransmogTailIndices>>
    for Field<TargetName, HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail>>
where
    HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail>: Transmogrifier<
        HCons<TargetHead, TargetTail>,
        HCons<TransmogHeadIndex, TransmogTailIndices>,
    >,
{
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> HCons<TargetHead, TargetTail> {
        self.value.transmogrify()
    }
}

/// Non-trivial implementation of `Transmogrifier` where similarly-shaped `Source` and `Target` types are
/// both Labelled HLists, but do not immediately transform into one another due to mis-matched
/// fields, possibly recursively so.
impl<
        SourceHead,
        SourceTail,
        TargetHeadName,
        TargetHeadValue,
        TargetTail,
        PluckSourceHeadNameIndex,
        TransMogSourceHeadValueIndices,
        TransMogTailIndices,
    >
    Transmogrifier<
        HCons<Field<TargetHeadName, TargetHeadValue>, TargetTail>,
        HCons<
            DoTransmog<PluckSourceHeadNameIndex, TransMogSourceHeadValueIndices>,
            TransMogTailIndices,
        >,
    > for HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail>
where
    // Pluck a value out of the Source by the Head Target Name
    HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail>: ByNameFieldPlucker<TargetHeadName, PluckSourceHeadNameIndex>,
    // The value we pluck out needs to be able to be transmogrified to the Head Target Value type
    Field<
        TargetHeadName,
        <HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail> as ByNameFieldPlucker<
            TargetHeadName,
            PluckSourceHeadNameIndex,
        >>::TargetValue,
    >: Transmogrifier<TargetHeadValue, TransMogSourceHeadValueIndices>,
    // The remainder from plucking out the Head Target Name must be able to be transmogrified to the
    // target tail, utilising the other remaining indices
    <HCons<SourceHead, SourceTail> as ByNameFieldPlucker<
        TargetHeadName,
        PluckSourceHeadNameIndex,
    >>::Remainder: Transmogrifier<TargetTail, TransMogTailIndices>,
{
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> HCons<Field<TargetHeadName, TargetHeadValue>, TargetTail> {
        let (source_field_for_head_target_name, remainder) = self.pluck_by_name();
        let name = source_field_for_head_target_name.name;
        let transmogrified_value: TargetHeadValue =
            source_field_for_head_target_name.transmogrify();
        let as_field: Field<TargetHeadName, TargetHeadValue> =
            field_with_name(name, transmogrified_value);
        HCons {
            head: as_field,
            tail: remainder.transmogrify(),
        }
    }
}

impl<Source, Target, TransmogIndices>
    Transmogrifier<Target, LabelledGenericTransmogIndicesWrapper<TransmogIndices>> for Source
where
    Source: LabelledGeneric,
    Target: LabelledGeneric,
    <Source as LabelledGeneric>::Repr:
        Transmogrifier<<Target as LabelledGeneric>::Repr, TransmogIndices>,
{
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> Target {
        let source_as_repr = self.into();
        let source_transmogged = source_as_repr.transmogrify();
        <Target as LabelledGeneric>::from(source_transmogged)
    }
}

// Implementation for when the source value is plucked
impl<Source, TargetName, TargetValue, TransmogIndices>
    Transmogrifier<TargetValue, PluckedLabelledGenericIndicesWrapper<TransmogIndices>>
    for Field<TargetName, Source>
where
    Source: LabelledGeneric,
    TargetValue: LabelledGeneric,
    Source: Transmogrifier<TargetValue, TransmogIndices>,
{
    #[inline(always)]
    fn transmogrify(self) -> TargetValue {
        self.value.transmogrify()
    }
}

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
    use super::chars::*;
    use super::*;
    use ::std::collections::{LinkedList, VecDeque};

    // Set up some aliases
    #[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
    type abc = (a, b, c);
    #[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
    type name = (n, a, m, e);
    #[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
    type age = (a, g, e);
    #[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
    type is_admin = (i, s, __, a, d, m, i, n);
    #[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
    type inner = (i, n, n, e, r);

    #[test]
    fn test_label_new_building() {
        let l1 = field!(abc, 3);
        assert_eq!(l1.value, 3);
        assert_eq!(l1.name, "abc");
        let l2 = field!((a, b, c), 3);
        assert_eq!(l2.value, 3);
        assert_eq!(l2.name, "abc");

        // test named
        let l3 = field!(abc, 3, "nope");
        assert_eq!(l3.value, 3);
        assert_eq!(l3.name, "nope");
        let l4 = field!((a, b, c), 3, "nope");
        assert_eq!(l4.value, 3);
        assert_eq!(l4.name, "nope");
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_field_construction() {
        let f1 = field!(age, 3);
        let f2 = field!((a, g, e), 3);
        assert_eq!(f1, f2)
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_field_debug() {
        let field = field!(age, 3);
        let hlist_pat![value_field] = hlist![field].into_value_labelled();

        // names don't have quotation marks
        assert!(format!("{:?}", field).contains("name: age"));
        assert!(format!("{:?}", value_field).contains("name: age"));
        // :#? works
        assert!(format!("{:#?}", field).contains("\n"));
        assert!(format!("{:#?}", value_field).contains("\n"));
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_anonymous_record_usage() {
        let record = hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!((a, g, e), 30)];
        let (name, _): (Field<name, _>, _) = record.pluck();
        assert_eq!(name.value, "Joe")
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_unlabelling() {
        let labelled_hlist = hlist![field!(name, "joe"), field!((a, g, e), 3)];
        let unlabelled = labelled_hlist.into_unlabelled();
        assert_eq!(unlabelled, hlist!["joe", 3])
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_value_labelling() {
        let labelled_hlist = hlist![field!(name, "joe"), field!((a, g, e), 3)];
        let value_labelled: HList![ValueField<&str>, ValueField<isize>] =
            labelled_hlist.into_value_labelled();
        let hlist_pat!(f1, f2) = value_labelled;
        assert_eq!(f1.name, "name");
        assert_eq!(f2.name, "age");
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_name() {
        let labelled = field!(name, "joe");
        assert_eq!(labelled.name, "name")
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_hnil_identity() {
        let hnil_again: HNil = HNil.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(HNil, hnil_again);
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_hcons_sculpting_super_simple() {
        type Source = HList![Field<name, &'static str>, Field<age, i32>, Field<is_admin, bool>];
        type Target = HList![Field<age, i32>];
        let hcons: Source = hlist!(field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 3), field!(is_admin, true));
        let t_hcons: Target = hcons.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(t_hcons, hlist!(field!(age, 3)));
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_hcons_sculpting_somewhat_simple() {
        type Source = HList![Field<name, &'static str>, Field<age, i32>, Field<is_admin, bool>];
        type Target = HList![Field<is_admin, bool>, Field<name, &'static str>];
        let hcons: Source = hlist!(field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 3), field!(is_admin, true));
        let t_hcons: Target = hcons.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(t_hcons, hlist!(field!(is_admin, true), field!(name, "joe")));
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_hcons_recursive_simple() {
        type Source = HList![
            Field<name,  HList![
                Field<inner, f32>,
                Field<is_admin, bool>,
            ]>,
            Field<age, i32>,
            Field<is_admin, bool>];
        type Target = HList![
            Field<is_admin, bool>,
            Field<name,  HList![
                Field<is_admin, bool>,
            ]>,
        ];
        let source: Source = hlist![
            field!(name, hlist![field!(inner, 42f32), field!(is_admin, true)]),
            field!(age, 32),
            field!(is_admin, true)
        ];
        let target: Target = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![
                field!(is_admin, true),
                field!(name, hlist![field!(is_admin, true)]),
            ]
        )
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_hcons_sculpting_required_simple() {
        type Source = HList![Field<name, &'static str>, Field<age, i32>, Field<is_admin, bool>];
        type Target = HList![Field<is_admin, bool>, Field<name, &'static str>, Field<age, i32>];
        let hcons: Source = hlist!(field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 3), field!(is_admin, true));
        let t_hcons: Target = hcons.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            t_hcons,
            hlist!(field!(is_admin, true), field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 3))
        );
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_identical_transform_labelled_fields() {
        type Source = HList![
            Field<name,  &'static str>,
            Field<age, i32>,
            Field<is_admin, bool>
        ];
        type Target = Source;
        let source: Source = hlist![field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 32), field!(is_admin, true)];
        let target: Target = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "joe"), field!(age, 32), field!(is_admin, true)]
        )
    }

    #[test]
    fn test_transmogrify_through_containers() {
        type SourceOuter<T> = HList![
            Field<name, &'static str>,
            Field<inner, T>,
        ];
        type SourceInner = HList![
            Field<is_admin, bool>,
            Field<age, i32>,
        ];
        type TargetOuter<T> = HList![
            Field<name, &'static str>,
            Field<inner, T>,
        ];
        type TargetInner = HList![
            Field<age, i32>,
            Field<is_admin, bool>,
        ];

        fn create_inner() -> (SourceInner, TargetInner) {
            let source_inner: SourceInner = hlist![field!(is_admin, true), field!(age, 14)];
            let target_inner: TargetInner = hlist![field!(age, 14), field!(is_admin, true)];
            (source_inner, target_inner)
        }

        // Vec -> Vec
        let (source_inner, target_inner) = create_inner();
        let source: SourceOuter<Vec<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, vec![source_inner])];
        let target: TargetOuter<Vec<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, vec![target_inner])]
        );

        // LInkedList -> LinkedList
        let (source_inner, target_inner) = create_inner();
        let source_inner = {
            let mut list = LinkedList::new();
            list.push_front(source_inner);
            list
        };
        let target_inner = {
            let mut list = LinkedList::new();
            list.push_front(target_inner);
            list
        };
        let source: SourceOuter<LinkedList<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, source_inner)];
        let target: TargetOuter<LinkedList<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, target_inner)]
        );

        // VecDeque -> VecDeque
        let (source_inner, target_inner) = create_inner();
        let source_inner = {
            let mut list = VecDeque::new();
            list.push_front(source_inner);
            list
        };
        let target_inner = {
            let mut list = VecDeque::new();
            list.push_front(target_inner);
            list
        };
        let source: SourceOuter<VecDeque<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, source_inner)];
        let target: TargetOuter<VecDeque<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, target_inner)]
        );

        // Option -> Option
        let (source_inner, target_inner) = create_inner();
        let source_inner = Some(source_inner);
        let target_inner = Some(target_inner);
        let source: SourceOuter<Option<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, source_inner)];
        let target: TargetOuter<Option<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, target_inner)]
        );
        let source: SourceOuter<Option<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, None)];
        let target: TargetOuter<Option<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(target, hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, None)]);

        // Box -> Box
        let (source_inner, target_inner) = create_inner();
        let source_inner = Box::new(source_inner);
        let target_inner = Box::new(target_inner);
        let source: SourceOuter<Box<SourceInner>> =
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, source_inner)];
        let target: TargetOuter<Box<TargetInner>> = source.transmogrify();
        assert_eq!(
            target,
            hlist![field!(name, "Joe"), field!(inner, target_inner)]
        );
    }

    //    #[test]
    //    fn test_transmogrify_identical_transform_nested_labelled_fields() {
    //        type Source = HList![
    //    Field<name,  HList![
    //        Field<inner, f32>,
    //        Field<is_admin, bool>,
    //    ]>,
    //    Field<age, i32>,
    //    Field<is_admin, bool>];
    //        type Target = Source;
    //        let source: Source = hlist![
    //            field!(name, hlist![field!(inner, 42f32), field!(is_admin, true)]),
    //            field!(age, 32),
    //            field!(is_admin, true)
    //        ];
    //        let target: Target = source.transmogrify();
    //        assert_eq!(
    //            target,
    //            hlist![
    //                field!(name, hlist![field!(inner, 42f32), field!(is_admin, true)]),
    //                field!(age, 32),
    //                field!(is_admin, true)
    //            ]
    //        )
    //    }
}